Charles Manson, 80, Receives License To Wed 26-Year-Old Prison Visitor

Enlarge this imageA relationship license has actually been i sued for 80-year-old serial killer Charles Manson, witne sed here on Oct. eight, to wed 26-year-old Afton Elaine Burton. Burton, who goes by the title « Star, » informed the AP that she and Manson is going to be married following month.California Division of Corrections/APhide captiontoggle captionCalifornia Division of Corrections/APA marriage license has actually been i sued for 80-year-old serial killer Charles Manson, seen here on Oct. eight, to wed 26-year-old Afton Elaine Burton. Burton, who goes with the identify « Star, » explained to the AP that she and Manson is going to be married next month.California Department of Corrections/APCharles Manson has actually been in jail since 1969 and is not qualified for parole until eventually 2027, but he may well be having married to the 26-year-old woman who visits him in jail and thinks he’s innocent. The A sociated Pre s attained the wedding license for Manson, eighty, and Afton Elaine Burton, who maintains web sites advocating for his innocence during the Tate-LaBianca murders. Burton left her dwelling from the Midwest almost a decade in the past and moved to Corcoran, Calif., where Manson is incarcerated so she could po sibly be around him. The marriage license, the AP described, does not specify a wedding date. The few need to reapply whenever they aren’t married in just 90 times. Burton, who goes through the name « Star, » explained to the AP the marriage ceremony is going to be up coming thirty day period. « Y’all can know that it’s accurate, » she told the agency. « It’s likely to occur. » Burton told the AP they had been awaiting the jail to finish their paperwork. Here is extra from the AP: »California Division of Corrections spokeswoman Terry Thornton verified to the AP the license experienced been transmitted towards the prison. « Thornton reported each individual California prison designates an personnel being a wedding coordinator who procedures paperwork for an inmate’s ask for being wed. Usually, she reported, the division of corrections approves of this kind of weddings as ‘a device of family reunification and social development.’ But Manson is actually a one of a kind situation. « Burton stated the marriage may have took place earlier if Manson did not have ‘some situations’ on the jail. « Thornton explained that in February, Manson experienced 3 violations for po se sion of the weapon, threatening staff members and refusal to deliver a urine sample. « Burton explained the prison holds marriages about the initial Saturday of each and every month. She expects to get married within an inmate vising area at the jail. » Manson and Burton are allowed ten friends who aren’t inmates. Manson isn’t really authorized conjugal visits, on the other hand. Burton advised the AP that remaining married to your convicted killer would permit her acce s to details unavailable to nonrelatives details that may get him a new demo. Manson and his followers, often known as « The Loved ones, » turned convinced while in the nineteen sixties that the earth was on the point of an apocalyptic race war. They then killed nine people today, including actre s Sharon Tate, the expecting wife of film director Roman Polanski. Grocers Leno and Rosemary LaBianca have been killed the next night. Two of Manson’s woman followers, Leslie Van Houten and Patricia Krenwinkel, can also be imprisoned. A further, Susan Atkins, who was referred to as the « scariest with the Manson girls, » died in prison in 2009 of most cancers.

Killing Will come Naturally To Chimps, Scientists Say

Enlarge this imageA full-grown male chimpanzee carries a adhere on the Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Kenya. The sanctuary is definitely the function of primatologist Jane Goodall.Jean-Marc Bouju/APhide captiontoggle captionJean-Marc Bouju/APA full-grown male chimpanzee carries a adhere with the Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Kenya. The sanctuary is the operate of primatologist Jane Goodall.Jean-Marc Bouju/ Tucker Poolman Jersey APFor decades, there have been two major theories about why chimpanzees, our closest evolutionary cousins, at times eliminate each other. Just one idea blames human encroachment to the chimpanzees’ native routine in Africa. A different states that (male) chimps eliminate from the typical course of competitors with rival teams. A whole new review printed in Character seems to support the next principle. In short, it located which the numerical make-up of chimpanzee communities is roughly proportional towards the « chimp murder charge. » « Variation in killing premiums was unrelated to measures of human impacts, » the authors, Michael L. Wilson, Christophe Boesch, et al., generate in the abstract. « Our final results are appropriate with earlier proposed adaptive explanations for killing by chimpanzees, whilst the human impact speculation just isn’t supported. » Being certain, the know-how that chimps will from time to time carry out structured killings on teams of rivals is practically nothing new. As early as being the mid-1970s, scientists in Tanzania’s Gombe Nationwide Park noticed gangs of a fifty percent dozen or even more male chimpanzees conducting deadly raids in neighboring territories.Because the New york Periods wrote in 1988: « For some time following the pioneering experiments of Jane Goodall and some others, it had been thought that chimps were being normally tranquil, playful, sophisticated and easygoing. … Then, from Ms. Goodall’s very own perform, and in unique from her affiliate Richard Wrangham, it grew to become evident that chimpanzee males engaged in active killing of other chimps and also other primates. » Continue to, the concern of how prevalent the habits was and why exactly it transpired remained open to discu sion. In an short article in 2011 published in Psychology Right now, College of Notre Dame profe sor Darcia Narvaez summed up the argument for human effect. She mentioned that during the 1st 14 years that Goodall and Wrangham noticed chimps at Gombe, « aggre sion patterns were being no different from other primates (tranquil and unaggre sive). » Then, the habits abruptly improved: « With hindsight, it turned out that human feeding from the chimpanzees, with its constraints and management, deeply affected the conduct and culture in the chimpanzees, which include trying to keep ma sive teams of animals close to the feeding site, which promoted elevated combating amongst the males, » Narvaez wrote in Psychology Currently, citing The Egalitarians: Human and Chimpanzee, a 1991 e-book by Margaret Electricity. Within a rebuttal to Narvaez published soon immediately after in Psychology Today, Kevin D. Hunt, an anthropology profe sor at Indiana University who had Goodall colleague Wrangham as his doctoral co-supervisor, concludes: »[There] is irrefutable evidence the danger of lethal violence has exerted a solid evolutionary drive on chimpanzee mother nature, and its outcomes are obvious on the minute-to-minute basis in chimpanzee culture. It’s the origin from the really abnormal social bonding between male chimpanzees they need to hang collectively to shield from extra-group murderers. »As bleak as this appears, Wrangham although he adheres for the chimps- as-natural-born-killers concept in the reserve Demonic Males finds induce for optimism with regards to the flexibility of human beings to vary their very own violent tendencies. In observing bonobos (the closely similar but le s-violent cousins of chimpanzees), Wrangham noticed peaceful communities dependant on a power-sharing arrangement involving males and females. Chimps, in contrast, reside in patriarchal teams in which dominant males run roughshod about compliant women. The reason for that big difference, he concludes, is intercourse range. Woman chimps choose aggre sive males as mates; feminine bonobos you should not. « The example from the bonobos reminds us that ladies and males is often similarly significant gamers inside of a modern society, » Wrangham is quoted in Harvard Journal as saying. « And by offering us a design during which feminine action functions in suppre sing the exce ses of male aggre sion, the bonobos display us that in democracies like our personal, women’s voices need to be listened to more than these are. »

Enjoyment In excess of Mexico’s Shale Fizzles As Fact Sets In

Enlarge this imageA system owned by Mexico’s state-run oil firm Pemex is observed from the Bay of Campeche inside the Gulf of Mexico. The state has just lately opened up its energy sector to international investors.Victor Ruiz/Reuters/Landovhide captiontoggle captionVictor Ruiz/Reuters/LandovA system owned by Mexico’s state-run oil enterprise Pemex is viewed from the Bay of Campeche inside the Gulf of Mexico. The region has not too long ago opened up its strength sector to overseas traders.Victor Ruiz/Reuters/LandovThe prolific shale development which includes created individuals rich in South Texas doesn’t stop at the Rio Grande, as U.S. maps seem to reveal. « The geology isn’t going to adjust when you cro s that very little 20-foot-deep river, » says Brandon Seale, president of San Antonio-based Howard Power Mexico. « What goes on ten,000 toes underneath the river will be the exact very same. » The geology continues on into northern Mexico, part with the extensive, undeveloped oil and gas fields which have been believed to contain a lot of the most significant reserves on the earth. In December 2013, Mexico improved its structure, ending the 75-year monopoly with the state oil busine s, Pemex, and opening up its oil and gasoline fields to foreign financial investment. Organization Mexico Opens Its Electricity Sector To non-public InvestmentMexico Opens Its Electricity Sector To non-public Financial investment Listen one:291:29 Toggle far more optionsDownloadEmbedEmbedTranscript But excitement around the decision was short-lived. Crude price ranges have dropped by 50 percent given that the summer, and buyers are more practical in regards to the cost and challenges of discovering these unproven fields. So far, only about twenty wells are drilled in what is actually called the Burgos Basin, which underlies portions of northern Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon and Coahuila states. Previous month, 300 individuals crammed a resort a sembly place in San Antonio to the Mexico Shale Summit. They desired to see when and when northern Mexico would ever seem like South Texas the place frack trucks roar down highways and derricks mild up the night time. « You have to be enthusiastic about this for the reason that for an oilman, it can be like currently being in Texas in 1920, » Seale suggests. « There’s so much down there underneath the earth left to get developed. » The hydrocarbons are down there; extracting them is definitely the challenge, suggests Duncan Wooden, director of the Mexico Institute within the Woodrow Wilson Heart, a think tank in Washington. »You’ve received incredible geology, we all know that. The danger that’s down below the area is quantifiable, » Wooden suggests. « But it is really any time you get above ground it receives additional exciting and even more challenging. » Enlarge this imageWorkers from Pemex clear the San Juan river immediately after an oil spill attributable to gas pirates who tapped right into a Zach Werenski Jersey pipeline in Nuevo Leon condition, Mexico,in August 2014. Fuel pirates are certainly one of several above-ground i sues in opening up the oil fields of northern Mexico.Julio Cesar Aguilar/AFP/Getty Imageshide captiontoggle captionJulio Cesar Aguilar/AFP/Getty ImagesWorkers from Pemex clean up the San Juan river following an oil spill brought on by gasoline pirates who tapped right into a pipeline in Nuevo Leon state, Mexico,in August 2014. Gas pirates are amongst a lot of above-ground problems in opening up the oil fields of northern Mexico.Julio Cesar Aguilar/AFP/Getty ImagesThe above-ground i sues start out with h2o shortage. Fracking utilizes large amounts of drinking water and the shale formation is within a especially arid zone of Mexico. Yet another headache may be the insufficient a pipeline infrastructure to a semble the pure fuel and ship it to marketplace. And after that there’s protection. The Burgos Basin sits smack-dab within the backyard of Mexico’s murderous drug mafias. Alongside the border in Tamaulipas, gun battles, kidnapping and carjacking became commonplace. What’s far more, gasoline pirates tap pipelines and hijack tankers with impunity. Seale remembers what it absolutely was like in the event the busine s he used to operate for fracked its to start with effectively in Coahuila five years back. « We had an personnel discover a Molotov cocktail below her husband’s car one particular night time. We experienced a single male carjacked at grenade-launcher position, » he claims. « It’s an actual challenge you have to experience, it impacts the power to bring in fantastic personnel towards the border. But it’s some thing they will run close to. » Enlarge this imageSoldiers patrol the banks in the Rio Grande to the outskirts of Tamaulipas state, Mexico. The rampant drug cartel-related violence is an additional deterrent to wide-scale overseas expenditure.Eduardo Verdugo/APhide captiontoggle captionEduardo Verdugo/APSoldiers patrol the banks on the Rio Grande to the outskirts of Tamaulipas state, Mexico. The rampant drug cartel-related violence is another deterrent to wide-scale international expenditure.Eduardo Verdugo/APMexico estimates it can will need extra than 40,000 new wells to acquire its virgin shale fields, with every properly costing $10 million to $20 million. Pemex, the Mexican state oil firm, can not pay for to drill these horizontal, water-fractured wells, but Mexico desperately should increase its declining oil creation. This is why the region is trying to draw in personal investors. The federal government is aware of the oil organization along with the narcotics busine s really don’t blend nicely. « We are conscious of that. We are unable to deny there are places that have a higher threat, » states Edgar Rangel, a commi sioner at Mexico’s National Hydrocarbon Fee, which is controlling the brand new oil and fuel provinces. Rangel suggests that inside the initially spherical of bidding, the company decided to exclude blocks in the north where drug violence is rampant. « We’re picking out only regions wherever Pemex along with other corporations can perform safely, » he states. These harmle s places are, for your instant, farther south wherever the cartels aren’t as perilous, and in offshore shallow waters of your Gulf. Mexico’s unexploited shale beds are enticingly big, and they’re near towards the U.S. But with oil charges small, it tends to make extra feeling for power providers to keep working north with the border, says Wood of the Woodrow Wilson Heart. « Are we heading to discover a huge wave of overseas investment decision heading into shale while in the short term? » he states. « I you should not believe so. » But when oil prices rebound, fascination in Mexico will select up along with the Burgos Basin growth may well last but not least get off.

They Solid Whom?! Actor Possibilities To Offend Each Racial Sensibility

Enlarge this imageRooney Mara will enjoy Tiger Lily during the Peter Pan motion picture Pan, though she is not Indigenous American.Chris Pizzello/APhide captiontoggle captionChris Pizzello/APRooney Mara will participate in Tiger Lily within the Peter Pan motion picture Pan, however she’s not Native American.Chris Pizzello/APNo make any difference the way you sense about ethnicity and casting and exactly how ethnicity or race should really relate to casting you can find almost certainly a little something in the information recently which is going to make you upset. People have powerful viewpoints about how the race of actors should or should not relate towards the people they enjoy, but irrespective of the situation you take on this entrance, permit us depend the varied ways in which certain actors acquiring forged in sure roles may po sibly cause you to squirm: one. When you think that an actor’s ethnicity really should match the character’s ethnicity, then you’re going to be upset by Rooney Mara being forged as Tiger Lily during the Peter Pan motion picture, Pan. Within the Peter Pan that a lot of of us grew up looking at and loving, Tiger Lily is Native American. Not to mention, Peter Pan’s racial dynamics are barely without problems. Her father is main of the « Piccaninny » tribe, a term notorious for connoting a racial caricature of the black kid. Look at also the best way Peter Pan portrayed its figures of color: If memory serves us appropriate, not excellent. This Disney clip is usually a bleak reminder: YouTube As for Mara’s ethnicity? She’s not Indigenous American. People are pa sing all over an internet based petition that asks Warner Bros. to « stop casting white actors to play folks of color. »2. Should you be specifically ticked off every time a white character is performed by somebody of colour, then you happen to be in all probability not happy that Michael B. Jordan (Friday Night time Lights, The Wire, Fruitvale Station), that is black, was cast because the Human Torch in Superb 4. Human Torch can be a superhero who, as his identify hints, can engulf his physique in flames, command nearby fires and fly. When he’s not on hearth (even though he usually is), the comics present that he’s a blonde, white person named Johnny Storm. (There was an android Human Torch as soon as. Into the extent that androids have ethnic identities, the android’s was po sibly Anglo-Saxon.) If casting a black actor to participate in a white superhero irks you, this most likely will, also. Enlarge this imageMichael B. Jordan was solid since the initially Caucasian Human Torch in Wonderful Four.Evan Agostini/Invision/APhide captiontoggle captionEvan Agostini/Invision/APMichael B. Jordan was solid since the initially Caucasian Human Torch in Superb Four.Evan Agostini/Invision/AP3. In case you get mad about actors currently being solid by how they look and not whether or not they match their character’s ethnicity then you will likely be peeved because of the Broadway manufacture of Disney’s Aladdin. Although the forged is diverse, some folks are thinking why not one of the actors nor actre ses are of Middle Japanese descent, considering that Aladdin is obviously established during the Center East. Adam Jacobs, who plays Aladdin, instructed the oldsters at that his dad is Jewish, Ru sian, Dutch and Polish and that his mom is Filipino. « Most folks consider I’m Latino. Ideal away they say, ‘Oh, are you presently Cuban or Dominican?’ I’ve gotten all the things under the solar, to become sincere, » he reported while in the job interview. « I see myself as American, inside the sense that I’m a combination and i have been in a position to use that to perform a variety of roles. » Enlarge this imageFrom a mixed heritage, Adam Jacobs plays Aladdin while in the Disney Broadway production of a similar name.Cylla von Tiedemann/APhide captiontoggle captionCylla von Tiedemann/APFrom a blended heritage, Adam Jacobs performs Aladdin from the Disney Broadway production of the exact same name.Cylla von Tiedemann/APNot to mention that, like Peter Pan, Disney’s Aladdin has some racial ickine s with its people. The villain, Jafar, has noticeably darker skin than Aladdin or Jasmine, who’ve more Anglicized attributes and American accents. Alas, a number of the folks in Broadway’s Aladdin may very well be brown, but none of them are Middle Japanese so if you happen to be liable to that form of ire, you may not be thrilled. 4. In case you have a picture in the head of what a character ought to appear like and also you get the sads when an actor doesn’t fit, then we regret to inform you that Norm Lewis was solid since the guide in Phantom Of your Opera. Lewis (that has appeared in Les Miserables and Sondheim on Sondheim, amongst a lot of other displays), is going to be the very first black Phantom on Broadway. As well as in the never-ending « What Did Jesus Glance Like » struggle (as Code Switch’s editor Matt Thompson describes it), a Portuguese Catholic actor is cast as Jesus in Son Of God a Latin Jesus (We’re anticipating letters for even mentioning that just one). five. And finally, for those who think that ethnicity and race shouldn’t matter whatsoever, then of course you hate this article. Our sentiments on this front are in all probability most effective expre sed by Neil deGra se Tyson:#sorrynotsorry Updated to add: Many of our astute and erudite commenters have identified that framing these perspectives in this way indicates equivalency. We would like to existing a range of perspectives, but y’all are correct: we should not go away it there. The actre s Felicia Working day not too long ago published a considerate publish about this casting Rooney Mara as Tiger Lily incorporates a extremely unique context and very various consequences than casting Michael B. Jordan because the Human Torch:To check Tiger Lily remaining cast being a white women to Human Torch or Heimdall staying forged as an African-American will not be equivalent, for the reason that I don’t consider this situation is about violating or adhereing to « lore, » I think it is really about providing far more illustration. And that is why I believe which the Human Torch getting cast as African-American can be an amazing i sue, simply because that shift evolves Hollywood and storytelling as well as the Marvel universe. Bear in mind before, lead characters had been more than likely prepared as white to start with, since they have been made within an more white-centric globe. Fantastic Four debuted in 1961, segregation was outlawed in 1964. You cannot claim that the lifestyle at huge for the time did not affect the creator’s choices when making these people! Quickly forward fifty several years, the society at large NOW isn’t going to match up using the lore from just before, and we must always be open to changing it.As normal, the contexts as well as the effects are e sential right here. We juxtapose these perspectives simply because there are folks who most detect with specific ones, and we predict it is best if those individuals are in dialogue with each other. So read through Felicia Day’s article, study some of the thoughtful remarks below, and thanks for contributing your own insights.

Tech Organizations, Protection Experts Convey Assist For Apple

Apple’s legal battle using the FBI around iphone encryption carries on: A federal magistrate, in the FBI’s ask for, has requested the tech giant to jot down program that will help investigators circumvent apple iphone safety characteristics to obtain a cellphone employed by one of several San Bernardino shooters. Apple is fighting the order, calling it perilous, unlawful and unconstitutional. Currently was the deadline for amicus briefs, or « friend in the court » filings in the situation.The Two-WayApple, The FBI And apple iphone Encryption: A glance At What’s At Stake Some large names are throwing their weight powering Apple Intel and AT&T have filed briefs, as well as Google, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, Snapchat, Box, Slack and Yahoo. Relatives of some with the victims of the San Bernardino shooting, meanwhile, have filed to guidance the federal government’s position. Several law enforcement a sociations also oppose Apple, according to the Department of Justice. The briefs filed on behalf of Apple (which have been shared by the company) reveal a wide swath of concerns affected by the question of smartphone protection. Here’s a sampling: The Risk To Di sidents’ Lives International human rights and technology nonprofit Acce sibility Now, along with Wickr Foundation, a nonprofit group affiliated while using the me [url=]Teppo Numminen Jersey[/url] saging app Wickr, looked on the international implications, particularly the risk for di sidents facing oppre sive governments: « Deliberately compromised digital protection would undermine human rights around the globe. Pursuant to international law, the United States has a duty to foster basic human rights such as freedom of expre sion and privacy. The a sistance sought by the government not only diminishes the commitment with the United States to uphold those fundamental rights in the digital age, but also keeps Apple from fulfilling its own responsibilities to respect the human rights of users. « Technology and connectivity have empowered millions around the world to demand social and political change but criminals and authoritarian regimes exploit the same technology to identify and persecute protesters, democracy activists, bloggers and journalists. In some countries, reliable security tools such as encryption can be the difference between life and death. The relief sought by the government endangers people globally who depend on robust digital safety for their physical safety and wellbeing. »Infringement On Safety, Unraveling Of Trust A group of individual security specialists, represented by lawyers from the Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society, described what they saw as a threat to public safety. The group including Stanford cryptography profe sor Dan Boneh, independent researcher (and former NSA employee) Charlie Miller, and stability expert Bruce Schneier, among others described a practical risk [url=][/url] (the technology could be applied on other phones), a future risk (a precedent set for risky cybersecurity bypa ses) and damage to public trust in software package updates. The last item, they said, represented a concrete threat not just a change in feelings: « Regular, silent, automatic updates are crucial for software package stability. The belief that such an update could be spyware that a company was forced by the government to sign and distribute might lead people to turn off automatic updates. This would render software patches le s effective and the general public le s secure. » The Rights And Needs Of Users The American Civil Liberties Union highlighted the rights of Americans and what it identified as disproportionate impact on the poor: « While the government can in some circumstances require private parties to a sistance law- [url=][/url] enforcement investigations–for example, by requiring them to produce relevant evidence or give truthful testimony–the government does not hold the general power to enlist private third parties as its investigative agents to seek out information they do not po se s or control. In other words, law enforcement may not commandeer innocent third parties into becoming its undercover agents, its spies, or its hackers. … « If the government prevails, then this circumstance will be the first of many requiring providers to degrade the stability and to undermine the trust in their products so e sential to privacy while in the digital age. For the many users who rely on digital devices to secure their information and communications, including members of vulnerable populations who rely on mobile devices to entry the Internet, this burden would be severe. » The Nature Of the Internet And Our Lives A coalition of Internet-centric organizations including Airbnb, eBay, reddit and Twitter got a little philosophical, arguing that the FBI’s ask for « threatens the core principles of privacy, safety, and transparency that underlie the fabric with the Internet. » Questions of privacy are personal, their filing says: « An ever growing range of services delivered to devices as diverse as mobile phones, tablets, computers, appliances, and cars have become an increasingly important and integral part of our daily lives, in ways that could never have been envisioned as recently as five or ten years ago. These services provide the ability to communicate with friends, family, colleagues, external advisers and the world at large; to share and read live news from around the world or in-depth works of commentary and expre sion; and to engage in commerce whether shopping online, starting a busine s, or planning your next vacation or tonight’s dinner. In sum, currently the devices and the program that power them touch every aspect of our lives. » The Future Of Devices A group of trade a sociations from the tech industry objected that the government’s demand would « effectively dictate product design » not just affecting users’ safety immediately but laying the groundwork for altered products well into the future. [url=][/url] That could be bad for users, if privacy is weakened and bad for law enforcement, the a sociations suggest, if corporations are pushed into an arms race to try to make ever more impo sible-to-unlock devices. The Cost To Busine ses ACT/The App A sociation, which represents computer software busine ses, focused on the burdens the government’s ask for would place on developers. It also made an argument that will be familiar to anyone who has groaned in frustration after installing a brand-new application update: « [T]he Government’s position borders on the absurd from the context of application development. Not only are the burdens imposed extraordinary (i.e., diverting resources from company’s actual busine s to being a tool of government), but the goals the Government seeks to achieve are far from a sured. As any computer user knows, many computer software patches, which are far more basic than what the Government seeks to compel here, fail to fix problems, make other things worse, or simply nece sitate more patches. » Standing With all the Investigators On the other side of your question, attorney Stephen Larson who represents some family members of some on the victims killed in San Bernardino sided with all the FBI, saying the telephone could reveal a po sible accomplice. The Los Angeles Times reports: »The 41-page amicus brief includes a letter from Mark Sandfeur, whose son was slain from the conference room where Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik opened fire on Dec. 2, 2015.  » ‘Recovery of information from the iphone in question may not lead to anything new. But, what if there is evidence pointing to a third shooter? What if it leads to an unknown terrorist cell? » Sanfeur wrote in [url=][/url] a letter to Apple Inc. Chief Executive Tim Cook that was included during the brief. ‘What if others are attacked, and you and I did nothing to prevent it?’ «